In 1762, Dr. Hunter wrote about surgeries in general: “Knowledge will turn surgeries into operations without a knife and with no blood loss!” The end of the 20th century was marked by the establishment of the laparoscopy. Since then, operations are being performed with the smallest incision possible. At the same time, along with minimally invasive surgeries, Μinimal Invasive Neurosurgery started to develop regarding brain and spinal diseases. Rapid technological advancements boosted the application of this concept in almost every neurosurgical disease, spanning across the most common one to the rarest one.
Brain Minimally Invasive Surgery
Modern models of Neuronavigation help the neurosurgeon to navigate in the treatment, even of the most inaccessible brain damages from craniotomies of a few square centimeters (keyhole craniotomy). Benign (meningiomas, acoustic neuromas, pituitary adenomas, craniopharyngiomas, hemangioblastomas) and malignant
(astrocytomas) brain tumors, primary or secondary (brain metastases), aneurysms, and arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are nowadays surgically treated with the assistance of Neuronavigation and microsurgery tools under a surgical microscope.
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